Sat. Jul 13th, 2024
greenhouse farming greenhouse farming

If you have landed on this page, then it is sure that you are thinking of the greenhouse farming business and you are thinking ‘big’

Note that though commercial greenhouse farming in India gets recognised as a complicated mode of agriculture, yet it has been well proven for bringing better Returns on Investment (RoI). Supported by high technological engineering, greenhouse farming demands a good amount of investment. 

However, the returns are also highly commendable. As you read this article, you will discover that the ways through which you can start a commercial greenhouse for farming. 

At the very onset, get a clear picture of a greenhouse. It is a sheltered house-like structure that gets covered up by transparent kind of sheets and plats are grown inside this house for high yields. The following list to start Greenhouse Farming will give you a comprehensive understanding of the kinds of involvement that you need to consider for your greenhouse farming. 

The most strategic way of gaining a successful form of a greenhouse is by initiating the project with some well-researched approaches. Understand the kind of site and crop that you need for your greenhouse, plan the greenhouse farming as per your financial capacity. 

You can also consider getting investments from bigger farms, loans from banks and can also count on subsidies. Make sure that as the finance gets settled you place the order for the establishment of your commercial greenhouse. 

For this, you need to order the entire setup with irrigation and temperature control facilities. You are also liable to make the right selection of crops for your greenhouse farming. Learn more And you can also visit here. For more information click here.

For the processing of farming, you need to have adequate availability of labour, management staff and agronomist for expert advice and guidance. 

The last stage of your greenhouse farming will be the marketing stage. At this stage, you need to popularise your products through both traditional and digital marketing and advertising platforms. Selling of the crops would need the right marketing staff. 

Eventually, you can harvest the profit margins for your investment in greenhouse farming.    

So, the most important aspects to be noted in this process are that of

  • Selection of the right site for Greenhouse
  • Selection of the most suitable crops for farming
  • Management of investment and financial support

It is true that the establishment of the greenhouse farming business relies completely on the kind of investment that you can put in. this is a very lucrative business and since the returns are high and confirmed, it is worth giving a try. The basic planning for your greenhouse farming must be framed on the pillars of – 

  • Right Site Selection
    • Land condition
    • Climatic condition
    • Adequate sunlight
    • Water availability
  • Right Farming
  • Crop in demand
  • Labour force
  • Management staff
  • Sales location
  • Transport facilities

Select the right site for Greenhouse

The selection of the right site is very important for your greenhouse farming. The site that you select must have the right land and climate condition, with a space that has an adequate amount of sunlight. 

As you start planning for greenhouse farming get assured that the selected site has the following features.

  • The area should well accommodate the greenhouse frame.
  • Irrigational water is with low salinity.
  • The availability of water is adequate for the plants.
  • Good water quality is continuously available.
  • The soil of the selected land must get the volatility measurement of 5.5-6.5 EC.
  • The PH level of the soil of the selected land must be 0.3-0.5 mm/cm.
  • The assessed sampling of water must be PH 5.5-7.0. 
  • The assessed sampling of water must be of 0.1- 0.3 E.C.
  • The site must be away from polluted zones.
  • You must make sure that the site is well connected for transportation.
  • There should be roads for transportation and shipping of goods in the market.
  • The place should be large enough for the upcoming expansion.
  • Workers should be available easily.
  • Right drainage must get checked to avoid water clogging in the rainy season.

Select suitable crops for farming

The selection of the most suitable crops is a very important decision for the grower. Though greenhouse farming in India is well designed to grow all kinds of flowers, fruits and vegetables, yet by considering the climatic conditions and the amount of investment, it is always better to grow highly commercial crops only. 

The list below is a guide for selecting the right crops for greenhouse farming for beginners


  • Alstroemeria
  • Anthurium
  • Carnations
  • Chrysanthemum
  • Dutch Rose
  • Gerbera
  • Gladiolus
  • Gypsophila
  • Lily
  • Limonium
  • Marigold
  • Orchids
  • Rose


  • Apricots
  • Bananas
  • Figs
  • Nectarines
  • Oranges
  • Papaya
  • Peaches
  • Pears
  • Strawberry


  • Bell peppers
  • Bitter Gourd
  • Cabbage
  • Capsicum
  • Cauliflower
  • Chilli
  • Coriander
  • Cucumber
  • Okra
  • Onion
  • Radish
  • Spinach
  • Tomato

It is important to note here that though fruits like apples are identified as a highly commercial crop, yet they are not suitable for greenhouse farming. Always have a clear professional consultation with your agronomist while selecting the most suitable crops for your greenhouse.  

Manage financial support 

This guide for greenhouse farming for beginners aims to support your business also from the financial side. In the case of India, this mode of farming must get supported by 50 to 65 lacs of INR. Always keep in mind that the bigger the investment is, the higher will be the return. Hence, you can seek investments from bigger farms, or can consider taking loans from banks. 

You can also opt to apply for subsidies or grants by delivering a detailed report of your greenhouse farming project. To avail of banking loans, subsidies, or grants; you must make the necessary submissions of:  

    • Project Report on Greenhouse Farming 
    • 8 “A” and 7/12 land report
    • Investment and blueprint details 
  • Selected crops for farming 
  • Cost of-
  • Irrigation Facilities, 
  • Water Analysis,
  • Soil Maintenance,
  • Soil Analysis.

Conclusively, the decision of greenhouse farming with the aforementioned instructions is the wisest decision that you can take in the current competitive business scenario. Particularly in the post-COVID phase, this decision will bring great financial support and smooth operation to your business process.