Tooth Scaling is the procedure of removing calculus (tartar), plaque and stains from the teeth.Dental scaler is a stainless steel instrument with sharp edges in removing tartar from teeth.
Smile is one of the most important assets of a human being. It adds to your personality and appearance. So it has to be maintained by maintaining oral health.
Dental cleaning and scaling can be performed by a dentist or dental professional only. This is a routine dental work advised to be done every 6 months. Dental Scaling can remove plaque and tartar from all tooth surfaces with different types of scaling being used in relation to the amount of plaque and tartar. Dentists will perform traditional scaling by hand.
The teeth are supported by gums around them and the bone underlying the gums.In order to maintain the teeth in healthy condition,one has to take care of the gums surrounding them. The awareness among the people regarding the maintenance of oral health is increasing day by day. But there are certain conditions in the mouth which are still neglected by people.
There are certain conditions of gums which need attention.
- Redness of gums
- Swelling of gums
- Frequent bleeding from gums
- Thick deposits over the teeth
- Mobility of the teeth
- Sensitivity of teeth
- Bad breath
- Pus discharge from gums
- Formation of gaps between teeth
- Food lodgement between the teeth
These are the most commonly encountered problems which if not attended to soon, can worsen. Redness, swelling and bleeding of gums is suggestive of inflammation of the gums. This condition is termed as ‘Gingivitis’. This when worsened leads to pus formation in the gums, loss of internal bone structure and ultimately mobility and loss of the tooth. This condition where there is recession of gums, bone loss and tooth mobility is termed as ‘Periodontitis’. Also, as we eat regularly, the food particles keep depositing on the tooth surfaces called ‘plaque’. This if not cleaned properly and regularly, is acted upon by the bacteria and over a period of time it develops into a thick solid stone like structure over the tooth surfaces and over the root surfaces of the tooth underneath the gums called ‘calculus’.
Dental polishing brush rubs and cleans teeth surfaces in a polishing and restoring the shine in teeth.
Polishing of tooth surfaces is used to make these surfaces smooth which makes it more difficult for plaque and debris to accumulate on your teeth that causes decay or gum disease. Polishing is a preventive procedure used as a first-line defense against dental problems.Polishing is done with rotary power brushes and also serves to expedite the cleaning process by quickly removing tenacious stains such as those caused by coffee, tea, wine and other foods. It is a common practice for this polishing to be done with a mildly abrasive paste that includes re-mineralizing ingredients such as fluoride and calcium and the like, which serve to reinvigorate and reinforce weakened tooth structure.
When Should a Patient Opt for Teeth Scaling?
Every patient faces the problem of plaque buildup at some point in their lives. Your teeth remain covered by a thin layer made up of proteins, bacteria, and saliva. Once we eat, the tiny food particles, sugars, and acids from our food stick to this thin film, thus creating a buildup.
Besides the buildup, it is also not good for oral hygiene. The buildup of this plaque can cause tooth decay and gum disease. You can prevent this buildup from accumulating with regular dental cleaning, flossing, and brushing.
If you maintain good oral hygiene, the tissue will tightly find around your tooth, keeping the plaque out. However, if a patient starts to see plaque buildup, it will loosen the tissue around. Gum disease tends to develop deeper pockets below the gumline. These pockets can start filling with plaque, causing serious problems with symptoms like bad breath.
A patient with pockets of 4 millimeters or more is asked to undergo teeth scaling. Dental cleaning can greatly help reduce the plaque deposited below your gum line.
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