Knees are one of the most commonly injured body parts, and they can be quite painful when something goes wrong. Today, we will discuss some of the most common knee injuries and conditions. We will also provide information on how to treat these injuries and conditions. If you are experiencing pain in your knees, it is important to seek medical attention right away.
One of the most common conditions that affect the knee is arthritis. Arthritis is a condition in which the cartilage between joints begins to break down, resulting in pain and swelling. It can be caused by aging, overuse, or an injury. Treatment for arthritis usually involves medication to reduce inflammation and pain, as well as physical therapy to increase strength and range of motion.
Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons that attach muscles to the bone around the knee joint. It can be caused by overuse or injury and can cause pain and swelling. This time, the treatment for tendonitis includes rest, ice, physical therapy, medication, or even surgery if necessary.
The meniscus is a semilunar piece of cartilage in the knee joint that helps to cushion and stabilise the joint. It can be torn due to trauma or overuse, resulting in pain, swelling, and even instability in the joint. If you were to suffer a meniscal tear, you will likely need to rest and use crutches, followed by physical therapy and possibly even surgery from an orthopaedic knee specialist surgeon.
Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursae, which are small fluid-filled sacs around the knee joint that help reduce friction between muscles and tendons. Elsewhere, in the body, bursitis may occur due to an injury, but in the knee, it is usually caused by overuse. Symptoms of bursitis include pain, swelling, and tenderness around the affected area. Treatment typically consists of rest and medications such as NSAIDs or corticosteroids. In extreme cases, surgery may be recommended if conservative treatment fails.
If you play sports or engage in physical activities that involve running and jumping, it is possible to strain or sprain a ligament in the knee. A strained/sprained ligament can tear, partially or completely, causing pain, instability, and swelling in the knee joint. In terms of treatment, it usually involves rest, ice packs, and medications such as NSAIDs to reduce swelling and inflammation.
Although it sounds basic, it is possible to bruise your knee from a direct blow to the area. Depending on the severity of the bruise, treatment includes resting, applying cold packs for 15 minutes every few hours during the first two days, and taking medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
If the patella (knee cap) is slightly displaced from its normal position, this is called a patellar dislocation. Treatment for this condition includes immobilizing the knee in a brace and using pain medications to relieve discomfort until the injury heals completely. Normally, this occurs within a few weeks. Physical therapy may also be recommended to strengthen the muscles around the knee and prevent future dislocations.
In addition, ligaments hold the bones together, which helps to keep the joint stable and strong. Depending on the diagnosis, a patient may require such procedures as chiropractor knee adjustment, physical therapy, or even surgery.
If ever you experience an injury or condition involving your knee, it is important to consult a medical professional such as an orthopedic surgeon for diagnosis and treatment. With proper medical care and home remedies, many knee injuries can be healed quickly and without long-term complications. Taking precautions to avoid common risks such as overexertion or overuse will also help reduce the risk of problems. Let’s look after our knees, starting today!